Africa : 50 interesting things (2010)
These interesting facts are from the World Bank. A lot of them are, as you would expect from that source, economic, but there is a fair sprinkling of social issues. (NB SSA = sub-Saharan Africa)
[Photo credit: duncan]
- The largest population in SSA is 151.3 million in Nigeria; the smallest is 0.1 million in Seychelles.
- South Africa’s and Nigeria’s GDP in nominal prices comprised over fifty percent (51.4 percent) of total SSA’s GDP.
- SSA GDP growth was 5.1 percent. Angola had the largest growth at 14.8 percent while the lowest was Botswana with a negative growth (-1.0 percent).
- South Africa has SSA’s largest real GDP ($183 billion); the smallest is Guinea Bissau ($202 million).
- Equatorial Guinea has SSA’s highest GNI per capita ($14,980); Burundi has the lowest ($140).
- The total GDP per capita of the richest 10 African countries was 25.2 times of the poorest 10.
- Between 1990 and 1999 PPP GDP per capita growth was 15 percent ($1,158.9 to $1,327.8) for Sub-Saharan Africa; in between 2000 and 2008 it was 54 percent ($1,372.9 to $2,113.9).
- Exports rose from $319.0 billion in 2007 to $413.7 billion in 2008, a 29.7 percent rise; conversely, imports rose less than exports, from $305.3 billion in 2007 to $372.1 billion in 2008, a 21.8 percent rise.
- Total trade as percentage of GDP is the highest in Seychelles, 283.4 percent and lowest in Central Africa Republic, 37.5 percent.
- In two thirds of SSA countries, one or two products are responsible for at least 75 percent of the country’s total exports.
- On average, the merchandise export within trade blocs is 8.4 percent of total bloc exports.
- Cape Verde receives the highest net ODA per capita ($438.2); Nigeria receives the lowest ($9.5).
- The highest private sector fixed capital formation as share of GDP is Cape Verde at 33.7 percent; the lowest is Angola at 1.8 percent.
- In Guinea-Bissau, the agriculture value-added as percentage of GDP is 51.5 percent; in Botswana it is 1.6 percent.
- South Africa uses the most electric power per person (4,809.0kW/h); Ethiopia uses the least (38.4 kW/h).
- In 2007, Burundi has the highest proportion of women in its labor force (90.2 percent); Sudan has the lowest (32.8 percent).
- Equatorial Guinea has the highest proportion of men in its labor force (93.8 percent); Namibia has the lowest (60.3 percent).
- In 2007, almost one in every three 15-49 year olds in Swaziland has contracted HIV (26.1 percent); the rate is one in every thousand in Mauritania.
- For the period 2007-08, Seychelles has the highest life expectancy (73 years); Mozambique has the lowest (42 years).
- In the decade (1997-2007) Rwanda and Sierra Leone have made the greatest gains in life expectancy: 11 and 8 years respectively. Conversely, life expectancy has decreased 13 years in Lesotho, and 10 years in South Africa and Swaziland.
- For the period 2007, Zimbabwe has the highest adult literacy rate (91.2 percent); Mali and Burkina Faso have the lowest (28.7 percent).
- In Seychelles, 92 percent of women are literate; the figure is 13 percent for Chad and 15 percent for Niger.
- Cape Verde has the highest gross enrolment rate in secondary education (90 percent); Niger has the lowest (11 percent).
- In Mauritius there are 22 children per primary school teacher; there are 91 in Central African Republic.
- In Burundi, 63.1 percent of children under the age of 5 are short for their age; in Senegal it is 20.1 percent. Same fact than below – to be removed
- The highest connection charge for a business phone is $366.6 in Benin; the lowest is in Ghana at $0.7.
- South Africa has 924 mobile phones per 1000 people; Eritrea has 22 per 1000 people.
- South Africa has the longest rail lines of 24,487 km and Uganda has the shortest of 259 km.
- In 2010, starting a business in Guinea requires 213 days for each procedure; it takes 3 days in Rwanda.
- In 2010, Sudan has the highest number of procedures to enforce contracts of 53; Rwanda has the lowest of 24.
- It takes 16.6 days average time to clear customs on direct exports in Cote d’Ivoire and 3.8 days in Gabon; conversely for imports it takes 31.4 days in the Republic of Congo and 4.4 days in Lesotho.
- Firms indentifying corruption as a major constraint was highest in Côte d’Ivoire at 75.0 percent, whilst the lowest is Ghana 9.9 percent
- The percentage of firms expected to give gifts to secure a government contract is highest in Congo Republic are 75.2 percent and lowest for Mauricia at 8.8 percent.
- Djibouti has the most urbanized population (84.6 percent); Burundi the least (10.4 percent).
- For the period 2000-07, the share of poorest 20 percent in national consumption or income was lowest in Angola at 2 percent; in Ethiopia it was 9.3 percent. (MDG 1)
- In Burundi, 38.9 percent of children under the age of five are underweight. In Gabon they are 8.8 percent. (MDG 1)
- On average, between 2004 and 2006, South Africa and Gabon had less than 5 percent of population below the minimum dietary energy consumption; conversely Democratic Republic of Congo had the highest at 75 percent. (MDG1)
- Thirty seven percent of children who start first grade reach grade five in Chad, while in Mauritius 99 percent reach fifth grade. (MDG 2).
- The lowest net primary enrolment ratio is found in Liberia (30.9 percent); the highest is in Sao Tome and Principe (97.1 per cent). (MDG 2).
- Youth literacy (ages 15-24) is highest in Gabon at 97 percent and lowest Burkina Faso at 39.3 percent. (MDG 2)
- Women in national parliament total seats are the highest with 56.3 percent in Rwanda and the lowest with 1.8 percent in Sao Tome and Principe. (MDG 3)
- In Sierra Leone 155 out of 1,000 children die before the age of one; in Seychelles the rate is 12 per 1,000. (MDG 4)
- In Sierra Leone 272 children per 1,000 die before the age of five; in Seychelles, the rate is 13 per 1,000. (MDG 4, IDA 2)
- Skilled personnel attend 5.7 percent of births in Ethiopia; they attend 98.4 percent of births in Mauritius. (MDG 5, IDA 4)
- Contraceptive use (any method) is highest in Mauritius at 75.8 percent; lowest is Chad at 2.8 per cent. (MDG 6)
- In Chad, 9 percent of the population has access to improved sanitation facilities; in Mauritius 94 percent have such access. (MDG 7)
- In Somalia, 29 percent of the population has access to a safe source of water. In Mauritius, it is 100 percent. (MDG 7)
- Gabon has the highest forest area as a percentage of total land area at 84.4 percent, whilst Djibouti has the lowest at 0.2 percent. (MDG7)
- South Africa has the highest carbon dioxide emissions of 414,649 metric tons, whilst Comoros has the lowest of 88 metric tons. (MDG 7)
- In Sierra Leone 3 persons per 1,000 are Internet users; there are 371 in every 1,000 people in Seychelles, which also had 212 computers per 1,000 people for the period 2005-07. (MDG 8).
(Reference: 50 things you didn’t know about Africa – World Bank)Africa IMF Reports : Burundi 2010 Africa IMF Reports : Seychelles 2010 Africa IMF Reports : Liberia 2010 Africa IMF Reports : Togo 2010 Africa IMF Reports : Democratic Republic of the Congo 2010
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